Dental Disease, otherwise known has periodontal disease is one of the most prevalent medical conditions seen by veterinarians. All dogs over the age of 5 years suffer from periodontal disease and 95% of cats over the age of 8 years. Early intervention is critical in maintaining oral health.
Dental Prophylaxis (a.k.a Dental Cleaning)
Whether we are performing a routine scale and polish or a full dental with extractions, a general anesthetic is required to perform these procedures effectively and safely. The patient is monitored by a veterinary technician during the entire dental procedure in our dental suite.
- Once the patient is intubated and anesthetized the mouth is rinsed with a disinfectant solution (0.2% chlorhexidine) to reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth prior to the procedure.
- Intravenous Fluids will be administered to support the kidneys and maintain the blood pressure. A warming device is used to help maintain your pets body temperature.
- The teeth are explored and probed to check for any abnormalities around the gum line.
- Sub-gingival cleaning is done to remove tartar from the beneath the lining of the gums.
- An ultrasonic scaler is used to remove any visible tartar and plaque from the tooth surface.
- The teeth are explored again to detect any remaining tartar.
- The teeth are polished using a special prophy paste
- The paste is then rinsed away showing your pet’s sparkling, purley whites.
- Home Care: it is important to maintain those purley whites by brushing your dog/or cats teeth and/or providing your pet with an oral care diet.
Dental Radiographs & Extractions
We are fortunate to have a digital dental x-ray machine. This allows us to further our dental examination of any suspected teeth that may need to be removed. Using a digital dental x-ray allows us to take quicker, more defined radiographs in less time minimizing the amount of time your pet is anesthetized.
Here are some dental terms that you may need to know:
Calculus/Tartar – also referred to as tartar, calculus is hardened dental plaque. Calculus cannot be removed by brushing and must be removed by scaling during a dental cleaning performed by a member of the veterinary team.
Gingiva – gums that form a collar or sheath around the teeth and protect the underlying bone.
Gingivitis – inflammation of the gums
Periodontitis – a disease affecting the gum and bone around the teeth.
Plaque – soft deposits of bacteria and debris that collect on & between the teeth.